Chandannagar Travel Guide

 

 

 

Chandannagar or Chandernagore, the City of Liberty had been a focal point of attraction to travelers from all over the world for her incredible beauty.

Located 30 kms north of Kolkata, the capital of East Indian state of West Bengal, Chandannagar or Chandernagore is a small city with a total area of 19 sq. kms. The fine blend of culture and heritage has contributed to Chandannagar creating a niche for herself in the world with her rich history dating back to over 300 years.

Speculations prevail over the name of this exquisite city. The popular version however goes that the city got her name from the sharp bend in the course of River Ganga which flows past the city. The bend is so sharp that it resembles a half moon. Going by the local dialect, the name of the city denotes “Chand” means moon and Nagore” means city in Bengali.

 

Chandannagar was a French base in British India. The French set foot first in the city in 1673 under the leadership of the French Commander Deslandes. The French Colony was first set up when the French Commander built a house at Taldanga on the northern part of the city with the permission of Ibrahim Khan, the then Nawab of Bengal and started living there.

In 1687 the French Commander Deslandes set up a business at Bandel in Hooghly but was inconvenienced on many occasions. His attempts to relocate his business were unsuccessful. However Deslandes finally was successful in laying the foundation of French trade by obtaining permission from Aurungazeb, the then Moghul Emperor and started duty free business in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa on payment of Rs 40,000/- to the Moghul Government.

Thereafter Chandannagar gained popularity as the most sought after destination of all foreign settlements of Bengal in trade and commerce. Trade relations with Basora, China, Pegu, Jedda, Tibet etc followed suit.

Chandannagar was however declared a free city by the French Government in 1947 and subsequently merged with India on October 02, 1952.

Eminent personalities in history of Bengal such as Louis Bonnand, the first Europen Indigo trader, Batakrishna Ghosh, the first founder of a cloth mill in Bengal, Dinanath Chandra, the first person to set up a pharmaceutical Factory and Indrakumar Chattopadhyay, the first map publisher had their sources in Chandannagar.

Many heritage buildings mark the presence of  both the British and French in Chandannagar. The places of interest in Chandannagar are the Chandannagar Stand, Chandannagar Museum and Institute, Chandannagar Church, the underground house or Patal Bari besides various ancient temples and residences of famous personalities from the Indian history.

Chandannagar can be conveniently reached by air, rail, road and ferry. The nearest airport to Chadannagar is Dum Dum and the nearest Railway Station is Howrah. Ferry services are available from Jagaddal in North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal to Chandannagar from 5.30 am to 10.00 pm.

Chandannagar is also famous for its traditional and wide variety of sweets. Sweet meat innovationists such as Surya Kumar Modak, Satyendu Sarkar, Hari Gopal Nandy and Kamal Kanta Das have contributed immensely to the popularity of the typical sweet dishes of the Bengalese. The “Jalbhara Sandesh” is unique in itself. It is made from cottage cheese and sugar with sweet juice stuffed inside in a manner that the top of the sweet is hard but a bite into the sweet will fill your mouth with the sweet juice stuffed in secretly. Relatos Cortos

The other innovative delicacies of this city are Motichur, Lot Cham Cham – a soft and puffy sweet, Rasamadhuri, Cream Roll, Rosogolla, Pantua, Sarpuria, Abarkhabo, Barfi, Darbesh, Chanar Payesh ( Cottage cheese porridge), Pranahara, Sarer Naru, Chanar Murki, Nonta Gaja and Ladykeni. The list of Bengali delicacies would however be incomplete if no mention is made of the Lal Dahi or Red yogurt which is famous for its unique look, colour and taste.

In an effort to promote this heritage city, the Government has developed a few picnic spots around the adjoining areas of the city namely New Digha, Chuti – an amusement centre and KMDA Park.

The city is also famous for its Jagathatri Puja which is a very elaborate and colourful occasion when Goddess Jagathatri is worshipped on the 9th lunar day of the light fortnight coinciding with the Bengali calendar i.e. in the later part of the English calendar year. One of the main attractions of the idol of the Goddess is the ornamental decoration. The idols are immersed at the end of the festival every year marked by colourful processions taken out throughout the city before immersion.

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  • Chandannagar Travel Guide

    Chandannagar Travel Guide

    Chandannagar or Chandernagore, the City of Liberty had been a focal point of attraction to travelers from all over the world for her incredible beauty.

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    2024-03-26

     

    Chandannagar Travel Guide
    Chandannagar Travel Guide

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